Rabu, 22 September 2010

Work, Consumerism and the New Poor

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Zygmunt Bauman
Open University Press, 1998 - 106 pages

"It will be of great interest and value to students, teachers and researchers in sociology and social policy; but it would be good if it were to be read by politicians, journalists and the person in the street too.... It is not possible to convey all the richness and subtlety of Bauman's argument in a short review... [It] provides a very forceful and sophisticated statement of the case; and a very well written one too... As a wide ranging analysis of our present discontents it is an admirable example of the sort of challenge which sociology at its best can offer to us and our fellow citizens to re-assess and re-think our current social arrangements."
Work, Employment and Society

"This is a stylish and persuasive analysis of the transition between the age of the 'society of producers' to that of the 'society of consumers'."
Political Studies

"Zygmunt Bauman presents a cogently argued and compelling thesis describing how the way poverty and the poor are being viewed in Western Society has changed during the course of modern history... this is an important book from a distinguished scholar, that adds a new dimension to the poverty debate."
British Journal of Sociology

    * Can poverty be fought and conquered by orthodox means?
    * Should we seek new solutions like "decoupling" the right to livelihood from the selling of labour and extending the socially recognised concept of work?
    * How urgent is it to confront these social questions and find practical answers?

It is one thing to be poor in a society of producers and universal employment; it is quite a different thing to be poor in a society of consumers, in which life projects are built around the consumer choice rather than work, professional skills or jobs. If "being poor" once derived its meaning from the condition of being unemployed, today it draws its meaning primarily from the plight of a flawed consumer. This is one difference which truly makes a difference - in the way living in poverty is experienced and in the chances and prospects to redeem its misery.

This absorbing book attempts to trace this change, which has been taking place over the duration of modern history, and to make an inventory of its social consequences. On the way, it tries also to consider to what extent the well remembered and tested means of fighting back advancing poverty and mitigating its hardships are fit (or unfit) to grasp and tackle the problems of poverty in its present form. Students of sociology, politics and social policy will find this to be an invaluable text on the changing significance and implications of an enduring social problem.

World Antropologies: Disciplinary Transformations Within Systems of Power

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Gustavo Lins Ribeiro, Arturo Escobar
Berg Publishers, 2006 - 341 pages

Can a planetary anthropology cope with both the "provincial cosmopolitanism" of alternative anthropologies and the "metropolitan provincialism" of hegemonic schools? How might the resulting "world anthropologies" challenge the current panorama in which certain allegedly national anthropological traditions have more paradigmatic weight--and hence more power--than others? Critically examining the international dissemination of anthropology within and across national power fields, contributors address these questions and many others.

The Politics of Multiculturalism: Pluralism and citizenship in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia

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Robert W. Hefner
University of Hawaii Press, 2001 - 319pages

The culture and practice of pluralism in postcolonial Malaysia / Abdul Rahman Embong -- Social pluralism in Singapore / Chua Beng Huat and Kwok Kian-Woon -- Social resources for civility and participation: the case of Yogyakarta, Indonesia / Mohtar Mase?d, S. Rizal Panggabean, and Muhammad Najib Azca -- Boundaries and beyond: whither the cultural bases of political community in Malaysia? / Sumit K. Mandal -- Corporate pluralism: Singapore Inc. and the Association of Muslim Professionals / Sharon Siddique -- Where has (ethnic) politics gone? The case of the BN non-Malay politicians and political parties / Francis Loh Kok Wah -- The redefinition of politics and the transformation of Malaysian pluralism / Shamsul A.B. -- What Islam, whose Islam?: Sisters in Islam and the struggle for women's rights / Zainah Anwar -- Gender and pluralism in Indonesia / Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin -- Mirroring the past or reflecting the future?: class and religious pluralism in Indonesian labor / Vedi R. Hadiz -- Greens in the rainbow: ethnoreligious issues and the Indonesian armed forces / Hermawan Sulistiyo.vember.

The Social Science Encyclopedia

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Adam Kuper, Jessica Kuper
Taylor & Francis, 2003 - 923pages

This new edition of an already classic reference work provides students, librarians, social scientists, and professionals with an invaluable compendium of the entire range of the social sciences. The 500+ entries on all of the major issues and concepts in the social sciences encompass the areas of anthropology, business, economics, education, government and politics, law and criminology, linguistics, psychology, social work, sociology, women's studies and beyond. For anyone concerned with these fields, "The Social Science Encyclopedia" is a truly essential resource.

The Social Thought of Zygmunt Bauman

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Keith Tester
Palgrave Macmillan, 2004 - 202 pages

Zygmunt Bauman is one of the most important contemporary social thinkers, influencing thought about the Holocaust, postmodernity, globalization, and more. This is the first book to discuss all of Bauman's work, from the first essays in post-Stalinist Poland, through his participation in 1960s Marxist revisionism, and up to the work for which he is well known in the West. Bauman's work is put into its social and historical context, revealing why Bauman matters.

The Sociology of Zygmunt Baumant: Challenges and Critique

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Michael Hviid Jacobsen, Poul Poder
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2008 - 245pages

Zygmunt Bauman is one of the most inspirational and controversial thinkers on the scene of contemporary sociology. For several decades he has provided compelling analyses and diagnoses of a vast variety of aspects of modern and liquid modern living. His work is increasingly popularized, appraised and adopted. This book considers the theoretical significance of his contribution to sociology, but also discusses and adopts a critical stance towards his work."The Sociology of Zygmunt Bauman" introduces and critically appraises some of the most significant as well as some of the lesser known and overlooked of Bauman's contributions to contemporary sociology: ethics, freedom, utopia, genocide, metaphors, ambivalence, politics, strangers, globalization, power and consumerism. In this collection, an international team of scholars delineates and discusses how Bauman's treatment of these themes challenges conventional wisdom in sociology, thereby revising and revitalizing sociological theory. As a special feature, the book concludes with Bauman's intriguing reflections and contemplations on his own life and intellectual trajectory published here for the first time in English. In this postscript aptly entitled "Pro Domo Sua" ("About Myself"), he describes the pushes and pulls that throughout the years have shaped his thinking.

The Post-colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues

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Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Sarah Harasym
Routledge, 1990 - 168 pages

Gayatri Spivak, one of our best known cultural and literary theorists, addresses a vast range of political questions with both pen and voice in this unique book.The Post-Colonial Criticbrings together a selection of interviews and discussions in which she has taken part over the past five years; together they articulate some of the most compelling politico-theoretical issues of the present. In these lively texts, students of Spivak's work will identify her unmistakeable voice as she speaks on questions of representation and self-representation, the politicization of deconstruction; the situations of post-colonial critics; pedagogical responsibility; and political strategies.